(Dryopteridaceae). Holly Fern, Shield Fern. Genus of nearly 200 species of usually evergreen, rhizomatous terrestrial ferns found in a range of habitats from alpine cliffs to tropical forests worldwide. Like damp, humus rich soil but lime tolerant and will take some sun or dry shade. Architectural specimens with 'shuttlecock' crowns. Setiferum refers to the seta or bristle, which every pinnule ends in. Pinnae (leaves) have characteristic 'mitten' shape and are holly-like. Remove faded fronds regularly. Good on raised beds on a corner or rockeries.
Prefer alkaline (lime) soils in full or semi shade best.