(Athyriaceae/Dryopteridaceae/Woodsiaceae) Genus of 180 species of deciduous terrestrial ferns found mainly in moist woodland or forest in temperate and tropical regions of the world. Good for shade. Prefer acid soils. Remove fading fronds regularly.
(Dryopteridaceae) Genus of about 200 species of terrestrial ferns found mainly in temperate regions of the N. hemisphere where they grow in woodland, by streams or lakes and among mountain rocks. Most are deciduous, some are semi-evergreen in mild winters. Pinnate to 4-pinnate fronds form shuttlecock-like crowns. Foliage looks effective with herbaceous plants and shrubs. Remove fading fronds regularly. D. affinis will tolerate more sun and wind that other species. Prefer acid soils
(Dryopteridaceae). Holly Fern, Shield Fern. Genus of nearly 200 species of usually evergreen, rhizomatous terrestrial ferns found in a range of habitats from alpine cliffs to tropical forests worldwide. Like damp, humus rich soil but lime tolerant and will take some sun or dry shade. Architectural specimens with 'shuttlecock' crowns. Setiferum refers to the seta or bristle, which every pinnule ends in. Pinnae (leaves) have characteristic 'mitten' shape and are holly-like. Remove faded fronds regularly. Good on raised beds on a corner or rockeries.
Prefer alkaline (lime) soils in full or semi shade best.